(Expressions of Certainty and Uncertainty)
Perhatikan Contoh Percakapan Berikut:
Ken Moris is a Senior High School student. He just broke up (=putus cinta) with Elizabeth. He talked to Teddy about his feelings.
Teddy : So you broke up with Elizabeth.
Ken : Yes, I did. Now I just can’t get over her.
Teddy : I suppose it’s very hard.
Ken : Yes, very hard. I went with her for two years.
Teddy : I’m sure you’ll go with another fine young woman someday.
Ken : I’m not so sure. I never want to get hurt again.
Teddy : I understand. I fell for someone when I was in high school.
Ken : Did you get over?
Teddy : Oh, yes. It was very hard, but I finally got it over.
Ken : But I doubt I can.
Teddy : Yes, you will. I’m sure that you’ll find a young woman who won’t let you down.
(adopted from Basic Idioms in American English, Book 1)
Bagian yang dicetak miring pada percakapan di atas adalah contoh – contoh ungkapan yang menyatakan keyakinan dan ketidakyakinan.
Untuk menyatakan keyakinan kita dapat menggunakan ungkapan:
I am sure (that).... =Saya yakin (bahwa).....
I don’t doubt (that)....... =Saya tidak ragu (bahwa).......
There is no doubt about it,... =Tidak disangsikan,.....
Sedangkan untuk menyatakan ketidakyakinan dapat kita gunakan ungkapan – ungkapan:
I am not sure (that)..... =Saya tidak yakin (that)....
I am in doubt about.... =Saya sangsi tentang......
I doubt (if)..... =Saya ragu (apakah).....
Perhatikan beberapa contoh kalimat berikut. Cobalah pahami maknanya!
The sky is still clear everyday. I am sure (that) the rain will not come in short time.
X : Can you fix my computer?
Y : I’m not so sure but I will try.
I put the book on this table, but it is not here now. I don’t doubt that someone has moved it.
He doubts if he could come to the party.
There is no doubt about it, he is the best person to do the job.
Bila kita ingin menanyakan apakah seseorang merasa yakin atau tidak, kita dapat menggunakan ungkapan:
Are you sure.......? =Apakah anda yakin......?
Are you certain...? =Apakah anda yakin......?
A : Are you sure that you will pass the exam this year?
B : Yes, I am very sure.
X : Are you sure he will come here?
Y : Yes, I don’t doubt it. He called me just now that he was on the way here.
Berikut ini pernyataan yang pantas diyakini dan pantas untuk tidak diyakini. Lengkapi dengan ungkapan I am sure untuk yang diyakini dan I doubt untuk yang tidak diyakini.
Siti always gets good mark in her tests. __________ she always studies diligently.
Toni is a lazy student.____________he will pass the exam this year.
Math is a difficult subject for me, but ______________ I can do well if I study hard.
He said that he worked in a bank, but I never see him going to his office. ___________ what he said.
_____________ that we will be succesful if we work hard.
Lengkapilah bagian yang kosong dalam dialog berikut dengan ungkapan I don’t doubt... atau
I am not sure.
Adang : Hi, Iwan. Do you think the rain will come, soon?
Iwan : I think so. __________it will rain soon. That’s what the weather forecast on TV
said last night.
Adang : But _____________. You see,the sky is still clear. No clouds at all. I think the rain
will start next month.
Iwan : Regardless of which, I’ll start to hoe next week. Will you, too?
Adang : I haven’t decided whether I’ll start next week or next month. _______________
Iwan : But, I need to borrow your pitchfork. Can you lend it to me for one or two days?
Adang : Yes, of course. Go head.
Do your best
Expressions of Certainty and Uncertainty by Dedeng Sukmana